Periodontal Gum Disease
Areas of gum recession can often be repaired using a gingival graft. We harvest a section of healthy gum tissue (gingiva) from your palate and graft it over the exposed root. This prevents future recession, and may also restore the contours of your gum line, leaving you with a more attractive smile.
There are several conditions of the gums that may require surgical treatment, even in spite of your attentive care and hygiene. The gum and bone surrounding our teeth recedes slowly as we age. Chronic bacterial infection in the gums causes periodontal disease.
In early stages, the gums are red and bleed easily. In later stages, teeth emit a foul odor and become loose in the socket. Although antibiotics, hygiene aids and surgical procedures help control periodontal disease, extraction is the only appropriate treatment for severely diseased teeth.
It may seem like a good idea to keep your natural teeth until they are painful, loose, or obviously hopeless. Such a delay in extraction results in more severe bone loss in the jaw, and may cause the need for more extensive bone graft reconstruction to achieve dental implant success.
Gum recession progresses slowly as we age. It can accelerate greatly if the gum tissues are thin and fragile or if there is over-aggressive brushing. Exposed roots may be quite sensitive and may pose cosmetic problems.